The Certification Question?


The most asked CPTED question that we receive is about certification. The terminology can be quite confusing, a matter not helped by the inconsistent application of terms. The following outlines the key differences, which will help provide some clarity to the certification question according to a blog posted on the Life Strategies Ltd. website by Cassie Taylor on October 12th, 2016.


Certificates of Completion 


There are two ways the term “certificate” can be used.  In one instance, it’s an overarching term for training which comprises an individual or set of courses focused on one skill or a closely related set of skills. Upon completion, students receive a “certificate of completion” and they can list this training on their resume within their education section or on their company profile for consulting work. There is no ongoing commitment to the training provider who was the issuer of the certificate. 


In this regard, CPTED Ontario has four-day Level 1 and 2 Course outlines, which are intended as guidelines for course providers.  This in no way constitutes third party endorsement as it is intended to represent a minimum standard for trainers issuing a Certificate of Completion.


CPTED Certification  


In the second instance, a “certificate” related to an individual’s ability to perform a skill or closely–related set of skills is issued subject to being reviewed by an independent body such as a professional association or governmental regulatory body. These certificates are conferred after some sort of assessment of proficiency which may include a review of educational achievements and/or years of experience, completion of supervision and/or exam, and even mapping of competencies or verification of proficiencies from employers.


The issuing body typically requires an ongoing commitment to continuing professional education, yearly membership, and adherence to re-certification guidelines. This “certification”, “credential” or “designation”, as it’s more accurately referred to, may be required depending on whether or not the profession is regulated.


Individuals obtaining certification can put the relevant acronym after their name and can be considered “certified”.  The standards required for true CPTED certification are rare in the CPTED field.


Doing Your Due Diligence


It is important that persons seeking true CPTED certification know and understand these requirements.  If your provider of CPTED trainer falls short of these requirements, you should not consider yourself CPTED certified, regardless of how the course may be marketed.  This is especially true of private training companies, that do not offer third party (independent) review despite their assertions to the contrary.


We urge all persons seeking to better themselves through CPTED training to exercise due diligence before selecting a CPTED trainer or being swayed by unsubstantiated claims of training companies that offer CPTED “certification”.  Should you decide to settle for anything less, understand that knowledgeable trainers and prospective employers should not be expected to respect these claims regardless of the source.



* Excerpts of this article were taken from https://career-engagement.lifestrategies

course Guidelines

On July 25, 2017, CPTED Ontario Board of Directors approved the following Course Outlines for the CPTED Basic Level 1 and CPTED Advanced Level 2 courses. These course outlines will be basis for the  educational component of the proposed CPTED Certification Process.

If considering taking a CPTED course, the following guidelines will help you evaluate the course being considered. Currently, it is not in the mandate of CPTED Ontario, to be a CPTED  training provider.

CPTED Basic Level 1 Course Outline (Theory)

Part 1 - Introduction to CPTED

- Definition of Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design - The need and benefits of CPTED - CPTED Stakeholders - Types of CPTED Approaches - Reactive - Proactive - Asking the right questions: - Introduction to Paradigms - Concepts of Paradigms - Crime Environments through the offender’s eyes - Background, History and Influences: - C. Ray Jeffery - Oscar Newman - Jane Jacobs - Timothy Crowe

Part 2 - Crime and Prevention

- Crime Prevention - Definition - Crime triangle - Criminal Desires - A micro spatial approach to crime opportunity

Part 3 - CPTED Concepts

- Surveillance - Natural - Mechanical - Organized - Access Control - Natural - Mechanical - Organized - Territorial Reinforcement - Maintenance - Defensible Space - Broken Window Theory - Target Hardening - Lighting - CCTV - Alarms - Barriers - Conventional “crime analysis”

Part 4 - CPTED Strategies

- 3D approach to Space Assessment - Designation - Definition - Design - Nine CPTED Strategies - Clear border definition - Relocation of gathering areas - Unsafe activities/Safe locations - Safe activities/Unsafe locations - Scheduling of space - Overcoming distance and location - Marked transitions; zones - Provide natural barriers - Perception of natural surveillance

Part 5 - Forms versus Function – The Battle with Aesthetics​

- Proactive CPTED - Benefits: CPTED is just good design - How to use CPTED as a good planning and design tool - Introduction of CPTED in the Planning Process - Site Plan Process - The Planning Act - Site Plan Review Exercise * This part should be taught by design professional, a member of the Ontario Association of Architects, the Ontario Association of Landscape Architects or the Ontario Professional Planners Institute.

Part 6 - Introduction to CPTED Analysis

- Crime Analysis and Problem Identification - Demographics - Land Use Compatibilities (neighbouring) - Observations - Environmental cues ie: maintenance - Movement predictors – Entrapment spots - Leftover spaces – Landscape practices - Signs - Residents or Users Interviews - Field Exercise

Part 7 - CPTED Application

- Where CPTED can work - Limitations - CPTED disclaimer - CPTED and Workplace Violence Legislation - Introduction to CPTED Ontario NOTES: Case Studies must be used to demonstrate elements of the course.

CPTED Level 2 Course Outline (Practical)

Course Criteria: Minimum – 32 hours

Students required to have taken CPTED Basic Level 1 Course Students can not take the Advanced Level 2 Course within a six (6) month period of completing the Basic Level 1 Course Students must demonstrated the usage of the CPTED principles and strategies, in their work.

Part 5 - Target Hardening

- Physical Security Strategies - Lighting - Effectiveness of CCTV - Locks, hardware, window security, alarms - Barriers

Part 4 - Proactive CPTED

- Municipal Site Plan Process - How does CPTED fit into the Municipal Site Plan Process - How to implement CPTED into the Municipal Site Plan Process - How to read a Site or Landscape Plan - How to read the essentials elements of a plan in order to conduct a CPTED review - How to read the site and/or landscape plan from a 3 dimensional perspective - How to read building plans - How to read the essentials elements of a plan in order to conduct a CPTED review - CPTED in Public Spaces - Parks and open spaces - Public facilities - Renovations - New construction * This part should be taught by design professional, a member of the Ontario Association of Architects, the Ontario Association of Landscape Architects or the Ontario Professional Planners Institute.

Part 3 - CPTED Field Audits

- Why conduct a field audit - How to conduct a field audit - Basic Information needed to conduct a CPTED Audit - Tools for a field audit - Field audit methodology - Field audit reports - CPTED disclaimer - CPTED Audit Exercise - Exterior application - Interior application - CPTED Audit Presentation to class

Part 2 - Using the Environment to Affect Behaviors

- Space and the impact of social dynamics - Defensible Space - Undefended Space - Offensible Space - Ambiguous/Indefensible Space - Hierarchy of Space - 3D approach to Developing Exterior Space - 3D approach to Developing Interior Space - Loitering - Loitering Matrix - Anti -loitering devices and methods - Public Nuisance - Skateboarding - Graffiti - Vandalism

Part 1 - CPTED Refresher

- Class members - Introductions - Outline their CPTED experiences since the Level 1 course - Expectations - Quick Review of the CPTED concepts and applications

Part 6 - Lessons from the Field

An opportunity for the class to bring their own projects which they have worked or are working on to receive input and feedback from the instructors and class members.